She is one of the most famous women of the ancient world,
Her name means ” The beauty has come”, she was the royal wife of The king Akhenaton ( 1370 – c. 1330 BC).
Some Egyptologists believed that she must have been a princess from Mitanni (Syria).
Most of the Egyptologists believe that she the Egyptian-born daughter of Ay, brother of Akhenaton’s mother, a top adviser who would go on to become pharaoh after King Tut ’s and her mother is Tiy.
Nefertiti the Great Royal Wife, Great of Praises, Lady of Grace, Sweet of Love, Lady of The Two Lands, Main King’s Wife, Lady of all Women, Great King’s Wife, and his beloved.
Her famous bust :
One of the most handmade works ever made in the history, the bust is from painted limestone.
The sculptor who made it maybe his name is Thutmose, in 1345 B.C. because it was found in his workshop in Amarna, Egypt.
In 1912 a German archaeological team discovered the bust, then transferred to Germany, its now in Berlin’s Museum.
Egypt tried to return the bust to Egypt several times, especially that Egypt started to build a new, modern museum beside the pyramids, The grand museum.
The bust is 48 centimeters tall and weighs about 20 kilograms.
The pupil of the right eye is of inserted quartz with black paint, on her head characteristic blue crown known as the “Nefertiti cap crown”.
The Missing eye of Nefertiti bust :
When the bust was first discovered, no piece of quartz to represent the iris of the left eyeball was present, as in the other eye.
None was found despite an intensive search and a then significant reward of £1000 being put up for information regarding its whereabouts.
Borchardt assumed that the quartz iris of the left eye had fallen out when the sculptor Thutmose’s workshop fell into ruin.
The missing eye led to speculation that Nefertiti may have suffered from an ophthalmic.
Nefertiti as a Possible Ruler :
Nefertiti disappears from the historical record around the 12th year of Akhenaten’s 17-year reign.
She may have died at that point, but it is possible she became her husband’s official co-regent under the name Neferneferuaten.
The Pharaoh Smenkhkare ruled Egypt after king Tutankhamon, who some historians suggest may have been another name for Nefertiti.